by Maryam Khan

With keeping up this quote in mind, many Sudanese Protesters unleashed their voices from the depths and fought for justice and neutrality.

In December 2018, a protest outburst in Sudan when their dictatorial President, Omar al-Bashir, reduced bread and fuel subsidies to fend off the forthcoming economic collapse. This situation led to the prices of the bread tripled and of fuel subsidies as well. Moreover, this economic crisis led to the exhaustion of the bank machines.


Soon, this vehement fulmination which began for the rising bread prices and fuel subsidies mutated into a nationwide movement which demanded their dictator’s removal, which eventually disseminated to Khartoum, the capital of Sudan.

These protests were led by Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA), comprised of Doctors, Lawyers, Teachers and Health workers. On 6th April, the protestors occupied the square in front of the military headquarters in Khartoum demanding Bashir’s dethronement.

On 11th April, the military declared that the barbaric dictator, Omar al Bashir, who ruled for 30 years since 1989 with an iron fist was overthrown successfully by top generals who mounted a coup against him in Khartoum.


Since then, the seven member Transitional Military Council (TMC) of military generals, led by Lt. General Abdel Fattah Abdelrehman Burhan has been in charge to ensure “order and security”. When Bashir was overthrown, protestors stayed put outside the military headquarters and insisted TMC to transfer the power and authority to a democratic civil administration.

After several futile discussions, the SPA and the TMC agreed on 15th May to allow the country to come under the civil rule and a three year transition period to stabilize the corruption and the misuse of power under Bashir’s dreadful reign which would also culminate with fair and free elections. Furthermore, the TMC also assured the people that a sovereign council would establish to rule the country.


On 3rd June, an abhorrent and loathsome catastrophe took place in Khartoum when protestors outside the military headquarters were open fired. The protestors were chased, whipped, shot brutally and also, raped by the military unit. The military unit were disguised as Satan who killed more than 200 people, and left many severely injured or missing.

It’s been also reported by the Central Committee of Sudan Doctors (CCSD) that more than 40 dead bodies were recovered from Sudan’s primary water source, The River Nile. The bodies are said to be dumped by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), who also open fired on the protestors. The deputy head of the RSF is Lt. General Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, also known as Hemeti.

Hamdan’s troop, that is the RSF is controlling the capital where they were roaming in the streets in pickup trucks which consisted of heavy-machine guns.

Not only this, the military government also illegitimately shut down the Internet, preventing the inhabitants from coming in contact with the world, stopping them from using social media so that the world stays oblivious from the wrongdoings practiced by the military forces.


Sudan is formally under the rule of Lt. General Abdel Fattah Abdelrehman al-Burhan, an older army officer who heads the Military Transitional Council that seized power from Omar al-Bashir on 11th April. But few doubt that, with Khartoum in his grip, General Hamdan is holding the real power who is commanding everyone.


Mohd. Hashim Mattar, who was one of the victims and the first one who got shot by the RSF or say the military, was 26 year old engineer and a graduate from London’s Brunel University. Reports say that on 3rd June, Mattar was fatally shot by the RSF when he tried to became a shield to two women at that time in Khartoum during the peaceful sit-in protest.


Buzz began when the social media turned itself blue which led everyone wonder, “WHY THE SOCIAL MEDIA IS COLOURING ITSELF BLUE”?

Curiosity level increased and finally people started questioning.

When the bloodshed happened and Mattar’s death’s news broke out, his cousins and friends gave him a tribute and honoured him by putting up a ‘Blue’ profile picture, which was the same as Mattar’s profile picture at that time. His favourite colour, however, has now become a symbol of solidarity with which people are honouring and paying a tribute to all the martyrs who lost their life in this brutal massacre.


Adding on, a social media movement started where the users turned their Twitter and Instagram profiles blue to honour his memory and to spread awareness about this heinous mishappening.

Using the hashtag #BlueForSudan, thousands of users have  joined this movement, including celebrities like Rihanna, Demi Lovato, Gigi Hadid, Naomi Campbell, Cardi B, Halima Aden and many others who have shared statements of support with protesters and help in spreading awareness about the massacre.


People of Sudan has suffered a lot. Yet, their courage and strength hasn’t died. They’re still fighting like a warrior.

The Lady Liberty, Aala Salah, a 22 year old architecture student in Khartoum whose picture went viral said, “I’m very glad that my photo let people around the world know about the revolution in Sudan.

Another victim, whose tweet went viral stated that, “We’ve been held hostage inside our own homes in our country, as going out in the street puts you at risk of rape, injury or death. However, we’re not even safe inside our homes as the armed forces are invading the houses as well. Please lock your homes and stay safe”.

Also, many eye-witnesses reported that the military forces raped women infront of everyone. Men who argued and questioned also got raped.  Moreover, they also described an incident where a man was taking his injured friend to the hospital. When the military forces asked the man where he’s taking his friend to, he replied, “to the hospital”, and afterwards they shot his friend and told the man to ‘bury him’.

Atlast, I’d request everyone to pray for Sudan and donate and spread awareness as much as you can.


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